Few regions of the world can boast of having the same level of potential and natural endowments as Africa. Yet, it is a tragic irony that the continent is incontestably the most unsuccessful in providing the human and capital resources to sustain itself. It is thus a reasonable intellectual quest to query the intrinsic and foreign factors that account for the illusiveness of success in this realm. It seems, then, that the most logical social institution to turn to at such a time as this is education, most especially higher education. This book, Higher Education in Postcolonial Africa: Paradigms of Development, Decline and Dilemmas is thus a response to such an enigmatic paradox.